Exemplory instance of comparison essay the theory is that of literature: the essential difference between classicism and sentimentalism
Literature is an unique variety of art that helps to comprehend the present-day history and also to know the way the primary tendencies of social development in past times were created.
Talk about formation of designs at the start of essay
The aesthetics of classicism, which developed in Western European culture at the end of the seventeenth century, determined the ideological content of literary works, the strict system of poetic rules plus the maxims of plot construction, reflecting the idea of orderliness and perfection associated with universe, nature and culture.
The “sensitive” literature of sentimentalism that emerged within the last half of this eighteenth century was meant to teach and educate on examples and pictures that cause empathy, which awakens high feelings, guided because of the indisputable fact that all evil may be overcome.
Inside our literature up to the beginning of the XIX century, classicism and sentimentalism developed, complementing one another and pursuing the same goal: in order to make society perfect, by affirming the logical principles of morality together with rules of human behavior. Techniques to achieve this goal within the philosophy of classicism were thought as the assertion associated with supremacy of order, form, hierarchy and were centered on a clear division of creative styles and genres. The theorists of classicism paid unique attention to drama and poetry. Epic poems and tragedies in which the basis associated with the plot has long been important historical activities, and actors – the gods and strongest for this world, demanded a lofty poetic composition, ruled spatial turns. These people were related to the “high” genre.
The spoken language and stylistically lowered pictures could just be contained in satires, fables and comedies, which fixed this is of “low” genres. Obligatory observance regarding the unity of the time, place, action and rules of constructing tragedy and drama with publicity, zygote, development of action, culmination and resolution limited the likelihood of stage-based discovery of images, but emphasized the inviolability of order, the bond of cause and impact, quality expression regarding the main idea of the job. Sentimentalism allowed more freely to use the method of artistic expression. Attention to household details, a description of emotional experiences, the image regarding the inner world of man and his closeness to nature demanded and new literary forms. The epistolary genre, sentimental novel, travel records come in the literature. The introduction of sentimentalism greatly expanded the number of choices of artistic prose and made it more democratic: the eye of both authors and readers ended up being the fate of a regular person, clear, near, causing interest and compassion.
To conclude of essay give brief comparison of styles
Thus, the difference between classicism and sentimentalism is as follows:
- The topic of the image when you look at the works of classicism are very important, meaningful events that determine the fate of someone who is obliged to obey the founded purchase plus the determined program of events.
- In the heart of attention of authors – sentimentalists – the inner world of heroes, effective at deeply feel and experience.
- Classicism is just a literary trend where the basis regarding the artistic method could be the division of works into “high”, “medium” and “low” genres.
- Sentimentalism won’t have such a division, because its task would be to educate the senses, using an array of visual means for this purpose.
- The key genres of classicism are the epic poem, tragedy, ode, drama, heroic tale, comedy, satire and fable.
- Genres characteristic of sentimentalism are really a novel, letters, diaries, travel notes.
- Classicalism argued educational ideas in line with the subordination of personal feelings of debt to society.
- Representatives of sentimentalism considered the inner realm of heroes as a harmonious whole.
- They thought that educating a single individual, it is possible to enhance the whole society.
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